Misc Modifiers
In this lesson, we will look at some additional attributes that offer enhanced control and precision in our CSS styling. These include advanced selectors like :target, which allows us to style elements based on URL fragments, and :empty, for styling empty elements differently. We'll also explore how to utilize the universal * selector in conjunction with Tailwind's utility-first approach for consistent child element styling.
In addition to the modifiers previously explored, there are several other selectors that enable us to selectively target and apply styles to specific elements. Let's dive into these additional modifiers to understand how they can enhance our styling approach.
1. target (&:target):
The :target pseudo-class selects an element that's the target of a bookmark link. It's identified by a fragment identifier in the URL (like #section1).
2. empty (&:empty):
The :empty pseudo-class selects elements that have no children, including text nodes.
3. default (&:default):
The :default pseudo-class selects default elements of a UI, typically used for form elements like buttons or checkboxes that are default in their group.
4. has (&:has):
The :has() pseudo-class is a proposed CSS selector that matches elements based on their descendants. It's not widely supported as of now.
5. * (& > *):
In CSS, * is the universal selector, and & > * selects all direct children of an element.
You can use this in Tailwind by adding custom styles, for example, to apply a certain margin or padding to all direct children of a container.
6. open (&[open]):
The [open] attribute selector is used for elements that can be opened and closed, like details elements.
In Tailwind, you can style an element when it's in its "open" state by using custom CSS. For instance, change the appearance of a dropdown or accordion when it is open.
In this module, we will delve into the pivotal plugins provided by Tailwind CSS, each requiring distinct installation and configuration procedures.